Tung Fort als called Kathingad; difficult
fort in Marathi is a hill fort in
Pune District, Maharashtra, India
Tung Fort was built before 1600 CE.
It was built by the Adil Shahi dynasty
but was captured by Shivaji. It is
small, and not able to hold more than
200 troops at a time. As such, it
would not have been able to defend
itself on its own for a long time.
Its shape and structure suggest that
its main function was as a watchtower
guarding the road to Pune city.
The Dhamale family, one of the Deshmukh
from the Maval region, was charged
with ensuring the security of Tung
Fort. During invasion, it served to
provide a temporary distraction for
invaders. Thus, the major forts of
Visapur and Lohagad would have time
to prepare themselves to meet the
invading army. This fort served as
a watchtower in the past because from
top of the fort, a lot of area in
the Maval region of the Pawana and
Mulshi valleys can be seen, and thus,
from the top of the fort, a watch
on these areas can be kept.
In 1657, it became a part of Swarajya
with all other forts situated in Maval
region. In 1660, Netaji Palkar was
appointed to protect this region.
In 1665, Jaysingh invaded this region.
Dilerkhan and others destroyed the
villages around Tung & Tikona,
but were unable to conquer these forts.
Then, according to Treaty of Purandar
(signed on 12th June 1665), Kubadkhan
with Halalkhan and others took over
fort on 18th June.
Its sharp, conical peak makes Tung
Fort a prominent landmark, even from
a distance. It has an oval shape,
thick walls and numerous bastions.
A steep climb on grassy slopes leads
to the ruins of a temple at the summit.
A rocky staircase leads several feet
down to a water reservoir. From the
top of the fort, the Lohagad, Visapur,
Tikona and Korigad forts are clearly